Wallace MCCUTCHEON

(New York, [1862]-New York, 1918)

mccutcheon wallace

© National Library of Australia

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William McCutcheon (New York,-≤ 1880) épouse Fanny June ([1844]-≥ 1880), fille de Jacob June. Descendance:

  • Wallace McCutcheon (New York, [1862]-New York, 03/10/1918) épouse Mira (Myra) West (New York, 1866-New York, 01/10/1936). Descendance:
    •  Wallace McCutcheon (New York, 24/10/1884-Los Angeles 27/01/1928) épouse ([1919] ; divorce: Providence, [1921]) Pearl White (Green Ridge, 04/03/1892-Neuilly-sur-Seine, 04/08/1938)
    • Marie Mira McCutcheon (New York, 07/10/1889-Baltimore, 25/10/1975) épouse New York, 01/06/1910) Wilfred E. Veira Jr.
    • Ross McCutcheon (New Jersey, 20/06/1901-Riverside, 19/04/1984)
    • Norman McCutcheon (1902-New York, 29/09/1918)
  • Mary McCutcheon (1864-)
  • George McCutcheon (1879-) épouse (New York, 30/03/1901) Amelia Nehebas
  • Fanny McCutcheon (1873-)
  • Horace McCutcheon (Jersey City, 1875-) épouse (New York, 25/04/1914) Marie Helen Horn (1890-)

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Wallace McCutcheon, dont le père décède alors qu'il est encore jeune, est employé à la compagnie des téléphones (1880). Il se rapproche du monde du spectacle et, à partir de 1888, il devient manager adjoint et trésorier du Grand Opera House de Brooklyn. A partir d'avril 1892, il en devient le manager jusqu'en juin 1895. Il reprend alors le Raulah House à Patchogue (Long Island) pendant l'été, et disparaît avec sa femme en laissant de nombreuses dettes, puis le Metropolis Theatre en août 1896.

grand opera house patchogue raulah house
Patchogue (Long Island), Raulah House (1896)
bronx metropolis theatre
Grand Opera House, Elm Pl., Near Fultron St. (c. 1900) Bronx, Metropolis Theatre, 3rd Avenue. (1903)
© Museum of the city of New York

Dès l'éte 1897, il est engagé par l'American Mutoscope & Biograph Company, à la suite du départ de W.K-L. Dickson et d'Elias Koopman pour l'Angleterre. Wallace McCutcheon et son collaborateur William Betzer vont jouer de malchance lors de l'une des premières prises de vues qui a lieu à Atlantic City, le 9 août 1897 :

Picture Taking Apparatus Smashed by Chemical Machine at Atlantic City.
FIREMEN WERE ON PARADE
Drive Did Not Obey Orders, It Is Said-Four Men Injured-Gossip of the Gay Seaside Resort
Special to The Inquirer
THE INQUIRER BUREAU
1515 Atlantic Avenue
ATLANTIC CITY, Aug. 9.-At a drill of the Atlantic City Fire Department to-day a chemical engine, under full speed, ran down a biograph machine which was engaged in taking a view of the apparatus as it was moving into action. Wallace McCutcheon and William Betzer, who were managing the machine, were thrown with terrific force to the ground and badly bruised, while the machine itself, valued at $2500, was completely wrecked. Policeman Woodruff and Charles Smallwood were thrown down by the horses and sustained injuries to their hands, which they will not be able to use for several weeks.
The accident is attributed to the disobedience of the driver of the chemical engine, who failed to keep to the centre of the street, as ordered by Chief Williamson. The fire apparatus of seven companies was to have passed the biograph machine within one minute, and in their endeavors to get by in time the drivers urged their horses to their topmost speed. As a result the Beach Pirates, the Chelsea Company and the Goodwill Company chemical engines came abreast of the biograph all at the same instant. There not being room enough for all three to pass, the outer engine, belonging to the Goodwill Company, was forced to run into the photograph machine to avoid colliding with the Beach Pirates engine.
there were several hundred people gathered in the vicinity of the accident when it occurred, and the wonder is that several were not killed. The photograph people were to have taken a picture of the Philadelphia Fire department to-morrow.


The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, 10 Aug. 1897, p. 2.

S'ils ne sont pas responsables, le matériel est en revanche détruit. En tout état de cause, dès 1897, Wallace McCutcheon et William Betzer font équipe dans les tournages pour le compte de l'American Mutoscope & Biograph Company. Il en est une pièce maîtresse et supervise une part importante de la production et n'hésite pas à utiliser des dernières nouveautés en terme de caméra :

MOVING PICTURES BEING TAKEN
OF PICTURES SCENES ALONG LINE OF SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY.
Cost of Taking Pictures One Hundred Dollars a Minute.
The Machine Takes From Eighteen to Twenty-four Hundred Picture a Minute To Secured South Carolina, Cotton. Picking Scene.
Wallace McCutcheon and M. H. Mark, who are interested in the American Mutoscope and Biograph company of New York, are now taking pictures along the line of the Southern railway, and will shortly show to the theatre-goers of the big cities the wonderful natural beauty of the "Land of the Sky." They went to Greenville, S. C., Tuesday, and while there will take a cotton picking scene.
In view of the fact that the biograph is one of the mechanical wonders of the age, a few figures in relation to its working ability would not be uninteresting.
In the first place this machine takes anywhere from eighteen hundred to twenty-four hundred pictures a minute, never less than eighteen hundred, and taking more, according to the speed at which the vehicle upon which it is stationed is going and the rapidity of the operator. The film upon which the pictures are taken is three hundred and forty feet long, and the cost of taking pictures for the space of one minute is one hundred dollars.
In the recent prize fight between Fitzsimmons and Sharkey over seven miles of films were used, and every motion made by the combatants was faithfully portrayed. By figuring this up it can easily be seen what a large amount of money was involved in the making of these pictures.
As in the case of all snapshots, the weather conditions play an important part in the taking of views for the biograph, but the day being fine and clear it is remarkable with what distinctness and regard to detail the machine does its work.
The machine used by Messrs. McCutcheon and Marks is called a "hand camera," because it is used by hand, and so as to distinguish it from the one worked by electricity, which is also handled by their firm.
The developing of the large rolls of tape-like film is done principally by the aid of machinery, and is an interesting process.
There are many of these moving pictures upon the canvas shown to the public, but it is the opinion of many that the best pictures are those shown at Keith's theatres and some other places of amusement by the American Mutoscope and Biograph company.
On the 17th these gentlemen will be in Buffalo, N. Y., taking views of the Pan-American exposition buildings. They will return to Asheville, however, the first of the week.


Asheville Gaily Gazette, Asheville, 12 Oct. 1900, Fri, p. 5.

Il tourne ainsi de nombreux films avec une équipe dont font partie, parmi d'autres, Alfred Marvin et William Bitzer, comme à l'occasion de la Grande Parade du Ground-Breaking:

BIG PARADE FOR DAY OF GROUND-BREAKING
Police department Will Lead All Organizations in World's Fair Line of March.
SPECIAL BADGE TO BE WORN.
Will Endeavor to Prevent Freezing of Ground on the Site-Arrangements for Biograph Pictures.Major George K. Hunter, chief of staff for the parade on Ground-Breaking Day at the World's Fair, appeared before the Ceremonies Committee yesterday and made a report of the detail of the organizations which will have places in the column. He was instructed to assign the places in the column, giving the Police Department the right of the line.
[...]
Advices from the American Biograph Company state that the work of placing the scenes of the parade will be under the supervision of Wallace McCutcheon, manager of the biograph department of that company. He will be assisted by Alfred Marvin and William Bitzer. Mr. Marvin was the company's biograph operator with the American fleet during the Spanish American War, and he obtained the pictures of the destruction of Cervera's fleet at Santiago. Mr. Bitzer was the first biograph operator in the same war. He landed at Siboney with the first American troops and caught many stirring scenes, when he was stricken with tropic fever. The cameras they will use are said to be the same machines through which light passed to fix many of the thrilling incidents of the Cuban campaign. The biograph force will arrive in the city Wednesday morning.

The St. Louis Republic, December 17, 1901, p. 2.

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