Jean-Claude SEGUIN

New York est une ville de l'état de New York (États-Unis).


Le Pantoptikon des Latham (35, Frankfort Street, 21 avril 1895)

Depuis quelque mois, les Latham travaillent sur un appareil qui puisse réaliser des projections sur écran. Ils vont présenter le résultat de leurs recherches, le 21 avril 1895, avec le Pantoptikon, nom du projecteur, au 35, Frankfort Street. C'est l'occasion de projeter l'un de leurs premiers films, Antics of Some Boys:

Edison Says Latham's Device Is Old and Promises to Beat It.
An exhibition of what Edison considers a kinetoscope so arranged as to throw the pictures, enlarged, upon a screen was given yesterday afternoon at 35 Frankfort street by Woodville Latham. He calls his arrangement the Pantoptikon. The illustration gives a very good idea of what it looks like. The continuous film of photographic pictures with slots cut in the edges to catch the teeth of a sprocket that keeps it from slipping is reeled in front of the electric light of a sort of magic lantern, and so the pictures are thrown successively on the screen with sufficient rapidity to produce the well-known kinetoscope or zoetrope effect of animated pictures.
The pictures shown yesterday portrayed the antics of some boys at play in a park. They wrestled, jumped, fought, and tumbled over one another. Near where the boys were romping a man sat reading a paper and smoking a pipe. Even the puffs of smoke could be plainly seen, as could also the man's movements when he took a handkerchief from his pocket. The whole picture on the screen yesterday was about the size of a standard window sash, but the size is a matter of expense and adjustment. Mr. Latham's camera will take forty pictures a second, and it can be set up anywhere, in the street or on the top of a house.
Mr. Latham says that he will try to obtain a patent on his apparatus, which thus enables the exhibitor to show kinetoscope effects to a large audience at one time.
A SUN reporter saw Mr. Edison last evening and described the Latham machine to him. Hearing the description. Mr. Edison said:
"That is the kinetoscope. This strip of film with the pictures, which you have here, is made exactly as the film I use. The holes in it are for the spokes of the sprocket, which I devised.
"The throwing of the pictures on a screen was the very first thing I did with the kinetoscope. I didn't think much of that, because the pictures were crude, and there seemed to me to be no commercial value in that feature of the machine.
"In two or three months, however, we will have the klnetophone perfected, and then wo will show you screen pictures. The figures will be life size, and the sound of the voice can be heard as the movements of the figures are seen.
"If Mr. Latham can produce life-size pictures now, as we will do with the kinetophone, that's a different matter.
“When Latham says he can set up his kinetograph anywhere and take the pictures for his machine, he means that he has simply a portable kinetograph.
"We have had one of those for six months. The reason that our pictures all had to be taken here at first was that our kinetograph was unwieldy.
"If they exhibit this machine, improve on what I have done, and call it a kinetescope. that's all right. I will be glad of whatever improvements Mr. Latham may make.
"If they carry the machine around the country, calling it by some other name, that's a fraud. and I shall prosecute whoever does it. I’ve applied for patents long ago."

The Sun, New York, Monday, April 22, 1895, p. 2.

Outre qu'il est accompagné d'un dessin expliquant sommairement le principe de la projection, l'intérêt de l'article est double. D'une part, il rend compte de la scène représentant les Antics of Some Boys en décrivant, en particulier, la scène qui est projeté, tout en offrant quelques explications techniques. D'autre part, parce que le journal a envoyé l'un de ses journalistes afin de recueillir l'avis d'Edison lui-même sur la projection de vues animées en public. Autant dire que le savant ne voit pas d'un très bon œil l’initiative des Latham qui lui brûlent la politesse.

latham pantoptikon 1895

The Sun, New York, Monday, April 22, 1895, p. 2

L'eidoloscope des Latham (156, Broadway, 20 mai-[31 décembre] 1895) → 1896

Les Latham vont ouvrir une salle sur Broadway au mois de mai 1895. Ils vont présenter une nouvelle série de vues dont le Griffo-Barnett Fight.  Les séances se prolongent sans doute tout au long de l'année.

→ 1896

L'eidoloscope (Herald Square Theatre, 23 juin 1895)

Une représentation au bénéfice de Willis P. Sweatnam est donnée à l'Herald Square Theatre, le 23 juin 1897 :

The Eidoloscope, with life-size reproductions of dancing girls and boxing bouts, is on the programme arranged for the benefit for Willis P. Sweatnam at the Herald Square Theatre to-night. Players pledged to appear are Wilton Lackaye, Maurice Barrymore, E. J. Henley, Billv Barry, Gus Williams, Hallen and Hart, Ward and Yokes, John C. Rice, David Warfield, John E. Henshaw,  William Cameron, Julina Wltmark, James Thornton. Edwin French, Mark Sullivan, Richard Carroll, William H. McLoughlin, William R. Goodall, Will S. Rising, Mathlde Cottrelly. Sallie Cohen. Bonnie Thornton, Grace Golden, Bertha Waring, Etta Berger and Helen Bertram Henley.

New York Herald, New York, Sunday, June 23, 1895

herard square theatre
Angle Broadway et 35e St. Herald Square, Herald Square Theatre (à droite) (c. 1898)